Synchronisation

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Synchronisation

The synchronisation with the Continental European Network is the last step towards Lithuania’s energy independence. The electricity systems of the Baltic states are currently still dependent on frequency management in Russia, but already in 2025, they will operate in one synchronous area together with the systems of other European countries. 
The Lithuanian electricity transmission system operator Litgrid is an active member of the ENTSO-E, an organization of European transmission system operators, and Lithuania is a participant in the common European electricity market. However, historically, the Lithuanian electricity system operates synchronously with the IPS/UPS system, which connects the systems of Belarus, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and other countries. The frequency of the Baltic electricity system is centrally managed and coordinated by the dispatch centre in Moscow, therefore, in the context of system management, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are still an isolated energy island in the European Community.
 
The energy isolation of the Baltic states in the European Union will only be completely eliminated once the electricity systems have become a full participants in the European electricity infrastructure, market and system, i.e. upon the start of synchronous operation in the Continental European Network.
 
The political agreement between the President of the European Commission and the Heads of State and Government of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Poland of 28 June 2018 provides for a technical scenario for the synchronisation of the Baltic systems: synchronisation until 2025 will take place using the existing connection between Lithuania and Poland (LitPol Link) and by constructing a new submarine cable (Harmony Link) between these countries.
 
On 29 May 2019, the Continental Europe Regional Group of the ENTSO-E announced that electricity transmission operators in Poland, the three Baltic states and the supporting countries have signed a connection agreement and technical connection conditions that will make Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia part of the European electricity network. On 20 June, a political agreement on the implementation of the synchronisation of the Baltic electricity system with the European networks was signed in Brussels. It sets out a concrete action plan and the necessary flagship projects until 2025, when the Baltic states will join a secure and reliable European energy system.
 
The value of the Baltic synchronisation project is about 1.6 billion euros. Funding of more than 1 billion euros has already been allocated to Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Poland from the European Union's Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). 
 
Synchronisation of the Baltic states with the Continental European Network requires not only the construction of a new connection with Poland, but also the strengthening of internal electricity transmission networks, the preparation of systems for disconnection from IPS/UPS and independent frequency management. The Government of Lithuania approved in 2019 a list of 14 synchronisation projects. Currently, 3 of these projects have already been implemented.
 
 
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